Don't get bamboozled on a day at the races - use our A-Z jargon buster to help you understand the lingo.
Presenting the letter R . . .
Programme for the day's racing, showing the times, runners and riders for each race.
Lightweight horseshoe used for racing, as opposed to the heavier iron work plate. Usually made of aluminium.
Racecourse rails: white plastic railsPICTURE: Edward Whitaker (racingpost.com/photos)
White plastic rails are used to mark out the track on a racecourse. The stands rails are those nearest the grandstand and the far rails are those on the opposite side of the track from the grandstand. A horse referred to as being 'on the rails' or 'against the rails' is running close to the rails, which often helps a horse to keep a straight line in a race finish. A horse that has 'grabbed the rail' is one whose rider has manoeuvred to a position close to the rail.
This refers to the fence separating the Members area on a racecourse from the Tattersalls area. Bookmakers are not allowed in the Members area, but some bookmakers are allowed to set up theirpitches on the Tattersalls side of the rails, allowing them to accept bets from racegoers in Members. Rails bookmakers are the top end of the racecourse betting market, often dealing with credit customers.
A measure of the ability of a horse on a scale starting at zero and going into three figures. Flat racing and jump racing use different scales; the highest-rated Flat horse is usually in the 130s and the top-rated jumper in the 180s.
Table showing returns for odds as an aid to the calculation of winnings.
The first race of the current season for a horse who has raced in previous seasons.
Re-opening of races
When a very low number of entries is received for a race, that race may be re-opened to allow new entries to be made.
1) Total amount received for a winning bet (winnings plus stake). 2) The result/final odds for a race e.g. the winner was returned at 4-1.
Exercise horses on their home training ground/ gallops.
Racecourse where horses run clockwise.
A horse that runs in place of another, of lesser ability, in an attempt to deceive the authorities and racing public. Ringers were once commonplace on racecourses but are extremely rare nowadays, as the identity of each horse at a race meetingis checked carefully against its passport.
A horse that makes a noise when it gallops because of a problem with its breathing; a tracheotomy may cure the problem.
The tic-tac term for 4-1. Literally 'four' backwards; pronounced 'roof'.
In full, Tattersalls Rule 4 (c). One of the most commonly invoked betting rules, dealing with deductions from winning bets in the event of any withdrawn runner(s) from a race. The rule applies to winning bets struck at prices (e.g. morning prices) laid before a withdrawal (other than ante-postbets, which are unaffected by Rule 4 (c) and to starting-price bets where, after a late withdrawal, there is insufficient time to re-form the market. The rate of deductions is in proportion to the odds of the non-runner(s) at the time of the withdrawal.
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THERE is no race, anywhere on earth, laden with as much history and prestige as the Epsom Derby. Conjured by 18th century aristocrats sitting over dinner it soon became the pre-eminent contest for three-year-olds and would go on to inspire hundreds of imitator races across the globe.
It remains a truly national sporting event. 125,000 descend on the Downs on the day of the race for a very British party. Double decker buses disgorge sun-seekers in everything from flip-flops to cocktail dresses, barbecues are sparked and laden with British bangers and bookies tout the favourite as a gamblng frenzy erupts in the build-up to the race.